Omaha is a type of a Hold‘em poker game, albeit with a few differences. You will be playing with four hole cards instead of two, and as per usual, a standard 52 card deck is used and shuffled before each hand.
Your goal is to form the best five card hand. However, it is important to note that to form it, you must use exactly two of your hole cards and three of the board cards and this ratio cannot be modified in any way. You will find that the betting and the blinds are the same as in Hold‘em.
Every hand begins with the players getting dealt four hole cards each. There‘s a round of betting, and the small and the big blinds.
The minimum bet in Pot Limit Omaha is the same as the size of the big blind, but the players can always bet up to the size of the pot.
Minimum raise: The smallest possible raise must be equal to the previous bet or raise in the same round. For example, if the first player to act bets €5, then the second player must raise a minimum of €5 (making the total bet €10).
Maximum raise: The biggest possible raise equals the size of the pot. The latter is defined as the total of the active pot, plus all the bets on the table, plus the amount the active player must first call before raising.
Example: If the size of the pot is €100, and there is no previous action on a particular betting round, a player may bet a maximum of €100. After that bet, the action moves to the next player clockwise. That player can either fold, call €100, or raise any amount between the minimum (€100 more) and the maximum. The maximum bet in this case is €400 - the raiser would first call €100, bringing the pot size to €300, and then raise €300 more, making a total bet of €400.
In Pot Limit Omaha, there is no cap on the number of raises allowed.
After the first round of betting, just like in Hold’em, the Flop consisting of three cards is put out, followed by another round of betting. All raises in the following rounds follow the previous example.
The fourth board card is dealt, called the Turn and followed by a round of betting. The fifth card – the River – is then dealt, followed by the last round of betting. The winner is whoever has the best five card hand, which must be a combination of two cards from the individual player’s hand and three cards from the board.
An example would be that if your hand is Ah Kc Qc Jc and on the board, you have 3h 4h 5h 6h 7h, the best possible hand in your case is Ah Kc 7h 6h 5h.
The key to any poker game and its variations is knowing the hand rankings. Of course you can always bring a cheat sheet to the game, but that will just give you away.
Royal flush is the ace, king, queen, jack and ten of any suit. A royal flush is an unbeatable hand.
Straight Flush: Five suited cards in sequence.
Highest rank at the top of the sequence wins when players tie.
Four of a Kind: Four cards of the same rank, and one side card (kicker)..
Highest-ranking Four of a Kind breaks a tie.
Full House: Three cards of the same rank, and two cards of a different, matching rank.
Full House with the highest ranking three cards breaks a tie.
Flush: Five suited cards.
If multiple players have a flush, subsequent card rankings will be used, one at a time, to determine the winner. If all five cards are identical, the pot will be split. The suit itself is never used to break a tie in poker.
Straight: Five cards in sequence.
Highest-ranking card at the top of the sequence breaks the tie.
Note: The Ace is the only card that may be used at the top or bottom of the sequence. A,K,Q,J,T is the highest (Ace high) straight; A,2,3,4,5 is the lowest (Five high) straight.
Three of a kind: Three cards of the same rank, and two unrelated side cards.
Highest ranking three of a kind breaks a tie.
Two pair: Two matched-rank cards, two different matched-rank cards, and one side card.
Highest pair breaks a tie. The second pair or side card will break a tie if certain cards are identical.
One pair: Two matched-rank cards, and three unrelated side cards.
Highest pair breaks a tie. The player with the first superior side card will break a tie if pairs are identical.
High card: Any hand that does not qualify under a category listed above.
In the event of a tie: Highest card breaks a tie. If first cards are identical, the first superior card wins the game.